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Drowning victims are probably the most dangerous to try to rescue.  In a panic, drowning victims are likely to claw at rescuers and climb to the surface at all costs.  NEVER attempt a direct rescue of a conscious drowning victim without proper training.

Remember always: REACH, THROW, but only GO with training and equipment. 

  If the victim is conscious, try to reach the victim with something rigid enough to pull him or her back.  An oar is a good option.

  If nothing will reach, throw the victim a rope and encourage him or her to grab on.  A life-preserver with a rope attached is a very good option.

  If the victim is too far for a rope, then there are few additional options for untrained rescuers.  If enough people are available, try making a chain by holding hands out to the victim.  A rescuer may try swimming out to the victim, but follow these steps:

  • Tie a rope around the rescuer's waist before heading out to the victim and have someone on shore or on a nearby boat holding the rope. 

  • Take a pole, oar, rope, or other object to reach the victim.  Rescuers should not attempt to directly touch a panicking drowning victim. 

  If the victim is unconscious, take a boat to the victim or tie a rope around the rescuer's waist and let the rescuer pull the victim to shore.

  Once a drowning victim is safely out of the water, perform basic first aid.  In cold weather, remove the victim's wet clothing - all the way.  Cover the victim with a blanket and watch for symptoms of hypothermia.  If the victim is not breathing, begin CPR.

All victims of near drowning need medical attention.  Water in the lungs, even small amounts, can lead to them filling with fluid later.  Called "dry drowning," this condition can be fatal.

Closely watch anyone who chokes on water while swimming, especially if swimming in anything other than a pool.

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